|On the cover|
Tunnelling Towards Hope
|28 February - 6 March 2014|
A Stronghold of Rulers and Rebels
With the recent death toll jumping to nearly 100 and 1,000 injured, Hrushevskoho Street, one of the strongholds of EuroMaidan’s three-month-long protests, made headlines around the globe. It was here, on 19 January the country’s stand against government corruption, abuse of power, and the violation of human rights turned from peaceful protest to all-out revolution. Having witnessed much over the years, Hrushevskoho is a street with a history, and not only care of recent days.
Acelebrity using their status and intelligence to influence public views and opinion is rarely seen in modern society, even less so in Ukraine. Here, the majority of celebs use their time, effort, and money to enhance or further their career rather than put their name to something that can do good for others. However, as EuroMaidan intensifies, some are making themselves heard – and they fall either side of the EuroMaidan divide.
It used to be that when rebellion and revolution occurred, the intellectual, creative, and spiritual elite would be front and centre.
When Walls Can Talk
People have been writing on walls since the dawn of civilisation, we call it graffiti, and ranges from simple written words to elaborate wall paintings. Sometimes it is merely the creator wanting to leave his or her mark; sometimes there is an underlying social or political reason. And it is due to the latter that graffiti has exploded across Kyiv in recent months. Anti dictator messages aside, we peel back a few layers of paint to look at graffiti in the city in general.
|9 November, ‘Day of the Inventor’, is set aside every year to pay homage to all of those whose brains were wired just a little bit different from the everyday person, and to offer a small nod of thanks for changing our lives. It is also to acknowledge all of you up and coming scientists, researchers, testers, and inventors: we wouldn’t have made it thus far without you. Here are some of those clever boys from around our parts – betcha some of these will make you go hmmm…
Petro Prokopovych(Born in Mytchenky, 1775-1850)
Strove to improve existing methods of bee-keeping and so devised the first ever beehive frame; as well, a wooden partition for working bees called the queen excluder which assisted in harvesting the pure honey found there.
Svyatoslav Fyodorov(Born in Khmelnytskiy, 1927–2000)
An ophthalmologist, eye microsurgeon, and creator of radial keratotomy – a refractive surgical procedure used to correct myopia (near-sightedness).
Vladimir Chelomey(Born in Siedlce, 1914–1984)
Chelomey created the first ever pulsating air jet engine and was the designer, builder and tester of Intercontinental ballistic missiles, where, more sophisticated prototypes were then widely used to launch satellites and space stations.
Serhiy Korolyov (Born in Zhytomyr, 1907–1966)
Considered the father of practical astronautics, he was the head Soviet rocket engineer/designer during the Space Race. He led many major developments such as cruise missiles, manned rocket-power gliders, gyroscope stabilisation, the RD-1Khz auxiliary rocket motor (w/ Glushko), long-range missiles, furthered already existing blueprints on the German V-2 rocket, the Sputnik satellite and its successors which included the first dog in space: Laika, the Luna probes, the Vostok, the Voshkov and the Soyuz spacecrafts.
Valentyn Glushko (Born in Odesa, 1908–1989)
Friends with Chelomey and Korolyov, Glushko and Korolyov designed the first RD-1Khz auxiliary rocket motor. He is also accredited for the 35-metric ton thrust RD-101 engine, the 120-ton thrust RD-110 and the 44-ton thrust RD-103 and the RD-170 liquid propellant engine.
Ilya Mechnikov (Born near Kharkiv, 1845–1916)
Noted for his significant work on phagocytosis, he also the producer of calomel, an ointment preventing people from contracting syphilis; and found correlations within the potential life-lengthening properties of lactic-acid bacteria.
Waldemar Haffkine (Born in Odesa, 1860–1930)
The ‘saviour of humanity’: Haffkin worked with Louis Pasteur and Mechnikov in France and later by himself in India developing the cholera and bubonic plague vaccines, first performing a human trial on himself.
Nestor Makhno (Born in Hulyai Pole, 1888–1934)
Hugely influential in the peasant movement, Makhno was an anarchist and guerrilla leader as well as military tactician and inventor of the tachanka: a horse-drawn machine-gun platform.
Dmitri Maksutov (Born in Odesa, 1896–1964)
Invented the Maksutov telescope, of which several telescope companies now produce; the photo-gastrograph – used for photographing the stomach, a needle microscope, telescopic spectacles, etc.
Fyodor Pirotsky(Born in Lokhvytsia, 1845–1898)
Invented a two-decker horse tramway powered by electricity instead of horses – some say this was the first tram in the world; installed first underground electric cable and advocated for electrical production using such cables.
Igor Sikorsky(Born in Kyiv, 1889–1972)
Developed world’s first four-engined bomber, the S-22; first twin-engine plane in US, S-29; flying boats such as the S-42 used by Pan-Am; the first viable helicopter in US, Vought-Sikorsky VS-300; the Sikorsky R-1, world’s first mass-produced helicopter.
Alexander Smakula (Born in Dobrovody, 1900–1983)
Invented and patented anti-reflective coating for lenses.
Semen Korsakov(Born in Kherson, 1787–1853)
Originator of the Korsakovian method of dilution and numerous machines in order to enhance natural intelligence such as the linear homeoscope with and without moveable parts, the flat homeoscope, the ideoscope and the simple comparator each used in the search of information stored in the form of a punch card (a wooden board with perforations).
Anatoly Alexandrov (Born in Tarascha, 1903–1994)
Devised a method of demagnetising ships to keep them safe from mines; instrumental in developing the Soviet Nuclear-powered fleet; led the development of Chernobyl-type nuclear reactors advocating the use of graphite-moderation. Many of his friends and colleagues say that he was a brilliant scientist and was deeply affected by the Chernobyl disaster.
Vladimir Baranov-Rossine (Bornin Kherson, 1888–1944)
An avant-garde artist who built the first ever synesthetic optophonic piano, where striking different keys triggered the movement of coloured sounds, textures and patterns simultaneously; the photochromometre – determines the quality of precious stones; the multiperco – a machine that made, sterilised and distributed fizzy drinks.
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A Stronghold of Rulers and Rebels
More Than A Square
Game of Thrones
A Divisive National Hero
The Ukrainian Roots of Sholem Aleichem
|Rights We Didn’t Know We Had
Throughout EuroMaidan much has been made of Ukrainians making a stand for their rights. What exactly those rights are were never clearly defined. Ukraine ratified the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1952. The first article of the Declaration states all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights, they are endowed with reason and conscience, and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. The ousted and overthrown Ukrainian government showed to the world they don’t understand the meaning of these words.
| Kyiv Culture|
Located on Hrushevskoho Street – the epicentre of EuroMaidan violence, home to battles, blazes and barricades – children’s favourite the Academic Puppet Theatre had to shut down in February. Nevertheless, it is getting ready to reopen this March with a renewed repertoire to bring some laughter back to a scene of tragedy. Operating (not manipulating) puppets is a subtle art that can make kids laugh and adults cry. What’s On meets Mykola Petrenko, art director of the Theatre, to learn more about those who pull the strings behind the show.