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7 (2014)
Tunnelling Towards Hope


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28 February - 6 March 2014

Ukraine History

A Stronghold of Rulers and Rebels

With the recent death toll jumping to nearly 100 and 1,000 injured, Hrushevskoho Street, one of the strongholds of EuroMaidans three-month-long protests, made headlines around the globe. It was here, on 19 January the countrys stand against government corruption, abuse of power, and the violation of human rights turned from peaceful protest to all-out revolution. Having witnessed much over the years, Hrushevskoho is a street with a history, and not only care of recent days.

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Ukraine Today
Acelebrity using their status and intelligence to influence public views and opinion is rarely seen in modern society, even less so in Ukraine. Here, the majority of celebs use their time, effort, and money to enhance or further their career rather than put their name to something that can do good for others. However, as EuroMaidan intensifies, some are making themselves heard and they fall either side of the EuroMaidan divide.
It used to be that when rebellion and revolution occurred, the intellectual, creative, and spiritual elite would be front and centre.

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Ukrainian Culture

When Walls Can Talk

People have been writing on walls since the dawn of civilisation, we call it graffiti, and ranges from simple written words to elaborate wall paintings. Sometimes it is merely the creator wanting to leave his or her mark; sometimes there is an underlying social or political reason. And it is due to the latter that graffiti has exploded across Kyiv in recent months. Anti dictator messages aside, we peel back a few layers of paint to look at graffiti in the city in general.

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Ukraine Today

A Drink to Go with the Food

The Molotov cocktail has been a staple libation in recent clashes between pro-democracy activists and those acting on behalf of former president Viktor Yanukovych over the last month. Also known as the petrol bomb or poor mans grenade, its origins can be traced to confrontations not so different from our own.
The Molotov cocktail is a makeshift bomb made of a breakable container filled with flammable liquid and provided with usually a rag wick that is lighted just before being hurled. Used frequently in urban guerrilla warfare, these incendiary devices, along with cobblestones and pared down footpath bricks, have been the primary self defence of EuroMaidan against an aggressive, murderous governmental regime.

Its name was first coined by the Finns against a pursuing Soviet Army in 1939 known as the Winter War.
In attempts to conquer parts of Finland since its independence from the Russian Empire after the revolution of 1917, the Soviet UNI0N went on the attack in 1939. Invading the Nordic country with large numbers of Red Army tanks and vast air strikes, the Finns, finding themselves short on anti-tank guns, had to improvise. Attacking advancing tanks with makeshift bombs, it was their response to the propaganda being spread by Soviet Peoples Commissar for Foreign Affairs Vyacheslav Molotov that the USSR was not bombing Finland, but merely delivering food to the starving citizens. Sarcastically calling the Soviet air bombs Molotov breadbaskets, the Finns, who were not starving, responded with the Molotov cocktail, which they called a drink to go with the food.
The Finns perfected the use and design of the petrol bomb, allowing, and in some cases inducing, Russian tanks to penetrate their defences at which point, and from all directions, they were attacked by guns, explosive charges and petrol bombs, quickly disposing of the AFV. In its own winter war this year, Ukraine engaged in equally creative defence strategies, including the use of Molotov cocktails, to keep all manner of riot police at bay. On 19 February 2014, they set alight an AFV attempting to break through the barricades on Instytutska.
EuroMaidans Samooborona (self defence units) managed to repel the Berkut, Ministry of Interior officers, and even the titushky that night from engaging in all out warfare, not ceding a single inch. Territorially, the Finns werent so lucky, having to give up 11% of their territory. What they gained however was more important: their sovereignty, and an enhanced international reputation.

by Anna Azarova, Lana Nicole, Olga German, and Vadym Mishkoriz

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Read also:
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  • Pro and Anti
  • The Fight for Freedom

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    Ukraine Truth
    Rights We Didnt Know We Had

    Throughout EuroMaidan much has been made of Ukrainians making a stand for their rights. What exactly those rights are were never clearly defined. Ukraine ratified the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1952. The first article of the Declaration states all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights, they are endowed with reason and conscience, and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. The ousted and overthrown Ukrainian government showed to the world they dont understand the meaning of these words.


    Kyiv Culture

    Pulling Strings
    Located on Hrushevskoho Street the epicentre of EuroMaidan violence, home to battles, blazes and barricades childrens favourite the Academic Puppet Theatre had to shut down in February. Nevertheless, it is getting ready to reopen this March with a renewed repertoire to bring some laughter back to a scene of tragedy. Operating (not manipulating) puppets is a subtle art that can make kids laugh and adults cry. Whats On meets Mykola Petrenko, art director of the Theatre, to learn more about those who pull the strings behind the show.

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